Bioavailability (BA) is a term used in pharmacology and nutritional and environmental sciences. In pharmacology, it refers to the degree and rate at which an administered drug is absorbed by the body’s circulatory system, the systemic circulation.
Broad Spectrum CBD
Broad spectrum CBD is full spectrum CBD without THC. There are two ways that broad spectrum CBD can be manufactured. The first is to add beneficial cannabinoids (minus the THC), terpenes, and flavonoids to CBD isolate. The second method to make broad spectrum CBD is through additional processing of full spectrum CBD to remove all trace amounts of THC. Broad spectrum CBD is an alternative to CBD isolate for those who cannot have any traces of THC in their system but want the benefits of full spectrum CBD.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid discovered in 1940. It is one of some 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants and accounts for up to 40% of the plant’s extract.
Cannabinoid receptors, located throughout the body, are part of the endocannabinoid system, which is involved in a variety of physiological processes including appetite, pain-sensation, mood, and memory. Cannabinoid receptors are of a class of cell membrane receptors in the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily.
Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. Three species may be recognized: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. The plant is also known as hemp, although this term is often used to refer only to varieties of Cannabis cultivated for non-drug use. Cannabis has long been used for hemp fibre, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as vegetables and as juice, medicinal purposes, and as a recreational drug. Industrial hemp products are made from cannabis plants selected to produce an abundance of fiber.
Cannabis indica, formally known as Cannabis sativa forma indica, is an annual plant in the Cannabaceae family originating from the Indian subcontinent. It is a putative species of the genus Cannabis. The Cannabis indica plant is cultivated for many purposes; for example, the plant fibers can be converted into cloth. Cannabis indica produces large amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The higher concentrations of THC provide euphoric and intoxicating effects making it popular for use both as a recreational and medicinal drug.
Cannabis sativa is an annual herbaceous flowering plant indigenous to eastern Asia but now of cosmopolitan distribution due to widespread cultivation. It has been cultivated throughout recorded history, used as a source of industrial fiber, seed oil, food, recreation, religious and spiritual moods and medicine. Although the main psychoactive constituent of Cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the plant is known to contain more than 500 compounds, among them at least 113 cannabinoids. Besides THC, another cannabinoid produced in high concentrations by some plants is cannabidiol (CBD), which is not psychoactive
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a biological system composed of endocannabinoids, which are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors, and cannabinoid receptor proteins that are expressed throughout the vertebrate central nervous system (including the brain) and peripheral nervous system.
The entourage effect is the results (the effect) produced from the synergistic interaction of the cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes, and fatty acids naturally found in cannabis. It refers to the beneficial effect of all these compounds working together as opposed to just one or two of these compounds working in isolation.
Enzyme, a substance that acts as a catalyst in living organisms, regulating the rate at which chemical reactions proceed without itself being altered in the process.
An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile chemical compounds from plants. Essential oils are also known as volatile oils, ethereal oils, aetherolea, or simply as the oil of the plant from which they were extracted.
Full Spectrum CBD
Full spectrum hemp oil refers to when the pure oil extracted from hemp contains all the same cannabinoids and compounds found in the original hemp plant. Unlike isolated or synthetic cannabinoids, full-spectrum hemp oil contains an array of cannabinoids, as well as many essential vitamins and minerals, fatty acids, protein, chlorophyll, fiber, flavonoids, and terpenes.
Hemp oil (hemp seed oil or hempseed oil) is obtained by pressing hemp seeds. Cold pressed, unrefined hemp oil is dark to clear light green in color, with a nutty flavor. The darker the color, the grassier the flavour. It should not be confused with hash oil, a tetrahydrocannabinol-containing oil made from the Cannabis flower.
Homeostasis, any self-regulating process by which biological systems tend to maintain stability while adjusting to conditions that are optimal for survival. If homeostasis is successful, life continues; if unsuccessful, decline or death ensues. The stability attained is actually a dynamic equilibrium, in which continuous change occurs yet relatively uniform conditions prevail.
Hemp, or industrial hemp, typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a strain of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products. It is one of the fastest growing plants and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 10,000 years ago. Although cannabis as a drug and industrial hemp both derive from the species Cannabis sativa and contain the psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), they are distinct strains with unique phytochemical compositions and uses. Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD), which decreases or eliminates its psychoactive effects.
Isolate CBD is cannabidiol in its purest form. To produce this extract, CBD is isolated and then refined to strip out any additional cannabinoids, terpenes, and plant components found in the hemp plant. The final product is a fine white powder that contains around 99% cannabidiol.
Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes. The main psychoactive part of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol, one of 483 known compounds in the plant, including at least 65 other cannabinoids.
MCT Oil, derived from coconut oil, MCT oil (medium chain triglyceride) is odorless, colorless, and liquid at room temperature. CBD extracts can be blended with MCT oil to make them easier to metabolize. Please consult your doctor or veterinarian in case of a coconut allergy.
Sublingual is Latin for “under the tongue”, refers to the pharmacological route of administration by which substances diffuse into the blood through tissues under the tongue.
Terpenes are a large class of molecules that are produced by many species of plants. They are the main ingredient in essential oils, and are the fragrant compounds responsible for plants’ distinctive smells and flavors.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a compound that is the physiologically active component in cannabis preparations (marijuana, hashish, etc.) derived from the Indian hemp plant or produced synthetically.
Water Soluble is the ablility to be dissolved in water.
List of references:
Broad Spectrum CBD: https://www.cbdschool.com/what-is-broad-spectrum-cbd/
Cannabinoid Receptors: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabinoid_receptor
Cannabis Indica: https://www.dankhemps.com/
Cannabis Sativa: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabis_sativa
Endocannabinoid System: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endocannabinoid_system
Entourage Effect: https://www.cbdschool.com/what-is-the-entourage-effect/
Essential Oils: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Essential_oil
Full Spectrum CBD: https://echoconnection.org/full-spectrum-hemp-oil-important/
Hemp Oil: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemp_oil
Industrial Hemp: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemp
Isolate CBD: https://madebyhemp.com/whole-plant-hemp-cbd-isolate-difference/
MCT Oil: https://www.canviva.com/faq/
Water Soluble: https://www.dictionary.com/browse/water-soluble